One that was Paul's amanuensis (Romans 16:22): I Tertius, who wrote this epistle. To be simple concerning evil--so wise as not to be deceived, and yet so simple as not to be deceivers. 20. 7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. Chapter 16 in easy commentary format. 15 Salute Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints which are with them. 20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. He is only wise not the Father only wise, exclusive of the Son, but Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, three persons and one God, only wise, compared with the creatures. Phoebe's position in Romans 16:1 as a reference to a specific office in the church without question. At Corinth, Paul became acquainted with them, wrought with them at the trade of tent-making after some time, when the edge of that edict was rebated, they returned to Rome, and thither he now sends commendations to them. Let this quicken us to our spiritual conflict, to fight the good fight of faith--we have to do with a conquered enemy, and the victory will be perfect shortly. Hold out therefore, faith and patience, yet a little while when we have once got through the Red Sea, we shall see our spiritual enemies dead on the shore, and triumphantly sing the song of Moses and the song of the Lamb. To us it seems altogether likely that the conversion of Simon the Cyrenian dated from that memorable day when "passing [casually] by, as he came from the country" ( Mark 15:21 ), "they compelled him to bear the" Saviour's cross. Satan tempting and troubling, acting as a deceiver and as a destroyer, the God of peace will bruise under our feet. What comes after this, where one would have expected the epistle to close, has its parallel in Philippians 4:20 , &c., and being in fact common in epistolary writings, is simply a mark of genuineness. It seems he was a person of honour and account, one in public place, steward or treasurer. He hath said it, Behold, I come quickly. I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, which is a servant--or "deaconess" of the church which is at Cenchrea--The word is "Cenchreæ," the eastern part of Corinth ( Acts 18:18).That in the earliest churches there were deaconesses, to attend to the wants of the female members, there is … He was one of known integrity and sincerity in his religion, one that had been tried his friends and enemies had tried him, and he was as gold. He gives a very good character of her. Thus it was hid from ages and generations, even among the Jews, much more among the Gentiles that sat in darkness and had no notices at all of it. Aristobulus and Narcissus themselves, some think, were absent, or lately dead others think they were unbelievers, and such as did not themselves embrace Christianity so Pareus: and some think this Narcissus was the same with one of that name who is frequently mentioned in the life of Claudius, as a very rich man that had a great family, but was very wicked and mischievous. Amplias--a contracted form of "Ampliatus." (1.) Concerning Mary, and some others who were laborious in that which is good, industrious Christians: Mary, who bestowed much labour on us. The caution itself, which is given in the most obliging manner that could be: I beseech you, brethren. Un Falso Testigo Que Dice Mentiras. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. The method they take to compass their design: By good words and fair speeches they deceive the hearts of the simple. Nothing more is known of this Quartus. 13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. 16 Salute one another with a holy kiss. It is rather to be applied to the victory which all the saints shall have over Satan when they come to heaven, and shall be for ever out of his reach, together with the present victories which through grace they obtain in earnest of that. Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. his mother and mine--The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother ( Matthew 12:49 Matthew 12:50 ), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. Free Bible study lessons on Romans. Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned--"which ye learned." 23. Now observe his description of them, in two things:-- (1.) (See Joshua 10:24 , 2 Samuel 22:41 , Ezekiel 21:29 , Psalms 91:13 ). 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Carry My Love to My Beloved. 21. There is need of a piercing watchful eye to discern the danger we are in from such people for commonly the pretences are plausible, when the projects are very pernicious. II. Salute Herodion, my Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord--which implies that others in his house, including probably himself, were not Christians. But how is it made manifest by the scriptures of the prophets? The church has often had a difficult time knowing how to regard Mary. 17. True love never sticks at labour, but rather takes a pleasure in it where there is much love there will be much labour. But this Tertius would have the Romans to know that, far from being a mere scribe, his heart went out to them in Christian affection; and the apostle, by giving his salutation a place here, would show what sort of assistants he employed. See 1 Peter 1:5; John 10:29. Greet them, salute them it is the same word, aspasasthe. I. 1. Perhaps there was a congregation of Christians that used to meet at their house at stated times and then, no doubt, it was, like the house of Obed-Edom, blessed for the ark's sake. (a.d. In the opening chapter (in fact the opening verse!) Perhaps Epenetus was one of that household or, at least, he was one of the first three not the first alone, but one of the first fleece of Christians, that the region of Achaia afforded. (5) "Has the everlasting God . "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". That the letter and the community held special significance for him is clear. Or, Christ is the subject-matter of it the sum and substance of the whole gospel is Jesus Christ and him crucified. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: 4 Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. But no more seems meant than to assure the Romans in what affectionate esteem they were held by the churches generally; all that knew he was writing to Rome having expressly asked their own salutations to be sent to them. Thus by good words and fair speeches the serpent beguiled Eve. Do not look only at the divisions and offences, but run up those streams to the fountain, and mark those that cause them, and especially that in them which causes these divisions and offences, those lusts on each side whence come these wars and fightings. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 1. He concludes with a solemn celebration of the glory of God, Romans 16:25-27. (See 1 Peter 2:4 , 2 John 1:13 ). Some think he especially warns them to take heed of the judaizing teachers, who, under convert of the Christian name, kept up the Mosaical ceremonies, and preached the necessity of them, who were industrious in all places to draw disciples after them, and whom Paul in most of his epistles cautions the churches to take heed of. But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. 11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. we already have an extended greeting in which Paul is laying claim to and asserting his status as “a servant … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 16:25-27" Amen. So the reformed church of Paris might be called the church at Charenton, where they formerly met, out of the city. Though they call themselves Christians, they do not serve Christ do not aim at his glory, promote his interest, nor do his will, whatever they pretend. This mystery was kept secret since the world began: chronois aioniois sesigemenou. Paul Greets His Friends. 25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, 26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith: 27 To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household. Because of the promise of God, that we shall have victory at last, which is given to quicken and encourage, not to supersede, our watchful cares and vigorous endeavours. Those who burden the church with dividing and offending impositions, who uphold and enforce those impositions, who introduce and propagate dividing and offending notions, which are erroneous or justly suspected, who out of pride, ambition, affectation of novelty, or the like, causelessly separate from their brethren, and by perverse disputes, censures, and evil surmisings, alienate the affections of Christians one from another--these cause divisions and offences, contrary to, or different from (for that also is implied, it is para ten didachen), the doctrine which we have learned. Others think that the church was no more than a religious, pious, well-governed family, that kept up the worship of God. Quartus is likewise mentioned, and called a brother for as one is our Father, even Christ, so all we are brethren. Proud member Be ye therefore wise as serpents (Matthew 10:16), wise to discern that which is really good and that which is counterfeit wise to distinguish things that differ, to improve opportunities. (See Hosea 9:10 , Micah 7:1 ). Romans 16:14-15 Ten believers. She relieved many that were in want and distress--a good copy for women to write after that have ability. This perhaps hardly means that each of the five in both pairs had "a church at his house," else probably this would have been more expressly said. What a base master do they serve, and how unworthy to come in competition with Christ, that serve their own bellies, that make gain their godliness, and the gratifying of a sensual appetite the very scope and business of their lives, to which all other purposes and designs must truckle and be made subservient. And, [2.] The extent of this revelation he often takes notice of that whereas hitherto in Judah only God was known, now Christ is salvation to the ends of the earth, to all nations. Their words and speeches have a show of holiness and zeal for God (it is an easy thing to be godly from the teeth outward), and show of kindness and love to those into whom they instil their corrupt doctrines, accosting them courteously when they intend them the greatest mischief. To God only wise through Jesus Christ so some. He calls him his well-beloved. 8 Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord. These little peeps into the rudimental forms which Christian fellowship first took in the great cities, though too indistinct for more than conjecture, are singularly interesting. Receive her in the Lord--that is, as a genuine disciple of the Lord Jesus. The apostle having endeavoured by his endearing salutations to unite them together, it was not improper to subjoin a caution to take heed of those whose principles and practices were destructive to Christian love. Therefore, because it was so, these seducing teachers would be the more apt to assault them. The errors of leading churches are leading errors. Some refer it to the happy period of their contentions in true love and unity others to the period of the church's persecutions in the conversion of the powers of the empire to Christianity, when the bloody enemies of the church were subdued and trampled on by Constantine, and the church under his government. commanded" that the Gospel "mystery," so long kept hid but now fully disclosed, shall be "made known to all nations for the obedience of faith" ( Romans 16:26 )? In this case the apostle's desire seems to be that on receipt of his epistle, with its salutations, they should in this manner expressly testify their Christian affection. A pliable temper is good when it is under good government but otherwise it may be very ensnaring and therefore he gives two general rules:-- [1.] Several years ago, I was attending a Bible study that was going verse-by-verse, in detail, through the book of Romans. Thus does he insinuate their commendation, the better to make way for the caution. Salute one another with an holy kiss--So 1 Corinthians 16:20 , 1 Thessalonians 5:26 , 1 Peter 5:14 . The ancient subscription at the end of this epistle--though of course of no authority--appears to be in this case quite correct. It is no less than a divine power that establishes the saints. I refer to Revelation 10:11, which this explains. 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